The United States has a long history of foreign interventions, its preferred targets are Latin America and the Middle East. Exactly what are they looking for? Oil, natural resources, and territory, but in essence, power.
Talking about the Middle East, the United States has been present in its territory since before 1800. The Americans were welcome because their missionaries had arrived with modern medicines and a less hostile proposal than the European troops. But everything changed with WWII, with a series of alliances, financing, and invasions whose consequences mark the current geopolitical line.
Deceptive Distribution of Others’ Property
By 1944, the United States began to negotiate a division of Arab oil with England. By the end of WWII, the region was prosperous in economic terms, which made it a tumult of political unrest.
The renewing nationalism was expelling European interventions, the Arab-Israeli conflict was at its height, and the Truman administration in the United States recognized the birth of the State of Israel just 10 minutes after its creation, causing the Soviet Union to Follow its steps.
Hand in hand with Syria, the Americans continued with their oil treaties, covering more and more businesses with neighboring countries from the East that recognized Israel, but the real conflict between America and the Middle East begins in 1950 when Iran came into play.
USA: Nationalism and Coups
Mohammed Mossadegh, nationalist leader of Iran who became Prime Minister in 1951, began the nationalization of oil, a move that the United States did not like at all.
Dwight Eisenhower, Anglo-Saxon president at the time, ordered the CIA to overthrow Mossadegh (even approving a budget of $ 4 million for this task). This coup d’etat is known as “Operation Ajax”, it took two attempts, but it ended with the departure of Mossadegh “in the name of democracy”.
The distrust in the United States was on the rise and the Middle East resumed its nationalist upheavals, when Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal (relevant because more than a quarter of the oil that moved in the world passed through it), Eisenhower decided to end its period with the shipment of the first North American fleet in Beirut to protect their interests.
Middle East: Conflicts of a Nuclear Nature
The nationalist flag in the East that had unleashed the United States was not going to stop waving, Egypt, Jordan and a Syria reborn in nationalism joined forces to combat the English and American intervention, unleashing the 6 Day War.
Of course, Israel helped the US troops and won the dispute, but in the face of threats of a US expansion with an Israeli facade, the Soviet Union threatened to attack and the US was presented with a second nuclear conflict with the Communists.
As in a game of chess, the US had to promote and accept the request for a ceasefire proposed by the Soviets. The following years were not really peaceful, but Jimmy Carter’s policy as president was the avoidance of conflict.
However, the resentment towards America had not diminished in the region, particularly in Iran, where an Islamic revolution was formed, overthrowing the president put in by the CIA, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and establishing an Islamic Republic in 1979. The non-conflictive policy of Carter came to the floor with two events: the rise of Shiite power and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
While the disputes between Israel and Palestine continued, the Reagan administration in 1986 faced the assault and demolition of the American embassy in Beirut, forcing the Anglo-Saxon troops out of the territory and allowing the alliance between Iran and Lebanon that gave birth to Hezbollah, and the kidnapping of several American soldiers.
Seeking to strike a blow to the Iranian regime, the latest strategy of Reagan was to support Saddam Hussein in the war between Iraq and Iran, hoping, erroneously, that he would support the US in the destabilization of Iran and end the Islamic revolution.
The Bush Sr. administration wanted to stop Hussein’s advance on Kuwait with an argument already known to the world: “suspected development of nuclear weapons”.
The following years were of intense conflict, being perhaps the most terrible for America, including the attacks of 9/11 and beginning the war in Iraq to “reestablish the democratic order”. Although the US, again, presented a foreign invasion under this premise, they still supported tyrannical regimes like Saudi Arabia to our days.
Democracy, freedom, and peace are words that continually repeat themselves in the US invasions excuses. In reality, their passage through the Middle East has not been disinterested or promoted any stability. In fact, groups like Al Qaeda, Taliban and Hezbollah saw part of their beginnings sponsored by American armament to destabilize a region in favor of the empire. Within a short time, these actions have returned to bite the tail of American stability.