Borneo: What ’Slash and Burn’ Has Done to the Island

The largest island in Asia is Borneo. Exactly 73% of its territory belongs to Indonesia, the world’s biggest palm oil producer and consumer, and the rest of it is Malaysian and Bruneian. Up until the 1960s, Borneo was covered in rainforests. However, when the overpopulation on Java started to become worse and worse, the poor part of the population – farmers and peasants, were shipped off to Borneo to farm the logged areas, converting a large part of the land from forest to agricultural land. The region experienced rapid growth in its economy and industry and proceeded to mindlessly exploit the rainforests.
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